Prophylaxis of Dental Procedures in Patients with Prosthetic Joints is NOT Recommended
The Canadian Orthopedic Association (COA), the Canadian Dental Association (CDA) and the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease (AMMI) Canada have reviewed the current best available evidence on the effectiveness of dental antibiotic prophylaxis to reduce prosthetic joint infections, in the context of worldwide concern about emerging antimicrobial resistance and the critical need for health care providers and their patients to use antibiotics appropriately and only when the probable benefit outweighs antibiotic risks.
These professional bodies conclude that:
1. Most transient bacteremia of oral origin occurs outside of dental procedures.
2. The significant majority of prosthetic joint infections are not due to organisms found in the mouth.
3. Few prosthetic joint infections have an observable and clearly defined relationship with dental procedures.
4. There is no reliable evidence that antibiotic prophylaxis prior to dental procedures prevents prosthetic joint infections.
The COA, CDA, and AMMI Canada provide the following guidance concerning the management of dental patients with orthopedic devices:
1. Patients should not be exposed to the potential adverse effects of antibiotics when there is no evidence that such prophylaxis is of any benefit.
2. Routine antibiotic prophylaxis is not indicated for dental patients with total joint replacements, nor for patients with orthopedic pins, plates and screws.
3. Patients should be in optimal oral health prior to having total joint replacement and should maintain good oral hygiene and oral health following surgery. Orofacial infections in all patients, including those with total joint prostheses, should be treated to eliminate the source of infection and prevent its spread.