Blood/Body Fluid Exposure

Exposure - percutaneous, mucosal (eyes, nose, mouth, vagina, rectum), or non-intact skin exposure to:

  • blood
  • body fluids (vaginal secretions, semen, CSF, synovial/pleural/peritoneal/pericardial/amniotic fluids)
  • other fluids containing visible blood
  • NB: · Urine, feces, vomitus, tears and respiratory secretions are not considered infectious for bloodborne pathogens (HBV, HIV and HCV) unless contaminated with blood.
  • Saliva – a potential risk for HBV transmission only, and not a risk for HIV or HCV unless contaminated with blood

Recipient - the person who was exposed to the blood or body fluid of another individual


Source - the individual whose blood or body fluid contacted a recipient


Immediate Management:


1. Cleanse with soap and water ASAP.  Allow the injury to bleed freely, but do not squeeze to promote bleeding, or apply caustic agents such as bleach. Anti-septic use is not contraindicated, but data are lacking.

2. Splashes to mucous membranes (eyes, nose, mouth) should be flushed with water ASAP for 10 minutes.

3. Remove contaminated clothing.

4. Report accident as soon as possible to Occupational Health in hospital setting or Public Health in community setting.


NB: Counseling is an essential component of blood/body fluid exposure management.